Archiv für den Tag März 24, 2010

Want to Use My Suit? Then Throw Me Something

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New Orleans Journal
Want to Use My Suit? Then Throw Me Something

Chris Bickford for The New York Times

Last Friday, at a St. Joseph’s Night parade in New Orleans, Santana Montana of the Monogram Hunters tribe went to greet his father, David Montana of the Yellow Pocahontas tribe. More Photos »
By CAMPBELL ROBERTSON
Published: March 23, 2010

NEW ORLEANS — Just after dusk on Friday night, Tyrone Yancy was strutting through one of the more uncertain parts of town in a $6,000 custom-made suit.

He was concerned about being robbed, but not by the neighborhood teenagers who trotted out in the street to join him. The real potential for theft, as Mr. Yancy sees it, came from the strangers darting around him and his well-appointed colleagues in a hectic orbit: photographers.

Mr. Yancy, 44, is a nursing assistant by profession. His calling, however, is as one of the Mardi Gras Indians — a member of the Yellow Pocahontas tribe, to be exact — the largely working-class black New Orleanians who create and wear ornate, enormous feathered costumes and come out three times a year to show them off.

He is also one of a number of Indians who have become fed up with seeing their photographs on calendars, posters and expensive prints, without getting anything in return.

Knowing that there are few legal protections for a person who is photographed in public — particularly one who stops and poses every few feet — some Mardi Gras Indians have begun filing for copyright protection for their suits, which account for thousands of dollars in glass beads, rhinestones, feathers and velvet, and hundreds of hours of late-night sewing.

Anyone could still take their pictures, but the Indians, many of whom live at the economic margins, would have some recourse if they saw the pictures being sold, or used in advertising. (News photographs, like the ones illustrating this article, are not at issue.)

“It’s not the old way of doing things, but the old way of doing things was conducive to exploitation,” said Ashlye M. Keaton, a lawyer who represents Indians in her private practice and also works with them through two pro bono legal programs, Sweet Home New Orleans legal services, and the Entertainment Law Legal Assistance Project.

The legal grounding of the strategy is debatable, the ability to enforce it even more so. But what may be most tricky of all is pushing the Indians themselves to start thinking about the legal and financial dimensions of something they have always done out of tradition.

Mardi Gras Indians have been around for more than a century — more than two, some say — and are generally thought to have originated as a way to pay homage to the American Indians who harbored runaway slaves and started families with them.

The Indians come out and parade in full dress on Mardi Gras; on St. Joseph’s Night, March 19; and on a Sunday close to St. Joseph’s — a tradition that arose out of the affinity between blacks and Sicilians in the city’s working-class precincts.

The 30 or so Indian tribes are representatives of their neighborhoods, and starting from home turf they venture out in their shimmering suits to meet other tribes on procession in the streets. Time was, these run-ins would often end with somebody in the hospital, or worse.

But over the past few decades, encouraged by the legendary Chief of Chiefs, Tootie Montana, the showdowns became primarily about the suits, and whose suit could out-prettify all the others.

Indian suits, which in the old days were occasionally burned at the end of a season, have become stunningly elaborate and stunningly expensive, costing upwards of $10,000. For many Indians, it is a matter of principle that they make a new suit from scratch each year.

The copyright idea has been floating around for a while — several of Mr. Montana’s suits were registered years ago — but Ms. Keaton began pursuing it more vigorously in 2006, when she was approached by John Ellison, a 52-year-old detailer in an auto body shop and a member of the Wild Tchoupitoulas.

Any photograph that focused on a suit protected by a copyright could arguably be considered a derivative work. The sale of such a picture (or its use in tourism ads, for example) would be on the merits of the suit rather than the photograph itself, and if the person selling it did not have permission, he could be sued.

But the idea is not so easy to put into practice. In American copyright law, clothing designs generally cannot be protected because they are more functional than aesthetic. Ms. Keaton argues that the suits, which can weigh well over 100 pounds, should be considered works of sculpture, not outfits.

The Sweet Home organization held a workshop for Indians on the topic last fall, and is pressing them to fill out copyright forms for this year’s suits. But there has not yet been a test case for the legal theory and it is unclear how one would fare.

“The Mardi Gras Indian costumes are pretty wild and not functional in the ordinary sense of the word, so that suggests that they might be copyrightable,” Kal Raustiala, a professor at the law school of the University of California, Los Angeles, wrote in an e-mail message.

“That said,” he added, “lots of runway fashion is also way out there and not likely to fit anyone’s ordinary idea of usefulness, yet it doesn’t receive copyright protection.”

Mr. Ellison filled out his copyright registration form on the spot, but later lost it, a testament to the difficulties of changing a culture.

Christopher Porché West, who has been photographing Mardi Gras Indians since 1979, said he had heard these kinds of complaints for years. They are counterproductive, he said, given the relatively small amount of money he and other photographers earn from Indian portraits.

“What they really need to do is self-exploit,” he said. If they want to make money from their culture, he said, “they should find a way to commodify it and bring that to the market.”

But words like “commodify” are foreign and even a little distasteful for many in this city, rather like finding tofu sausage in a gumbo. Indians do make a few hundred dollars here and there showing up at parties and concerts, and a few have tried, with disappointing results, to sell last year’s suits on eBay.

“Indian culture was never, ever meant to make any money,” said Howard Miller, Big Chief of the Creole Wild West, the city’s oldest tribe, and president of the Mardi Gras Indian Council. But neither should the culture be exploited by others.

“We have a beef,” he said, “with anybody who takes us for granted.”

http://www.nytimes.com

Coxinha de mandioquinha

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INGREDIENTES

Massa

1 litro de caldo de galinha
50 gramas de margarina
50 gramas de queijo ralado
600 gramas de farinha de trigo
300 gramas de mandioquinha cozida
Sal a gosto

Recheio
2 peitos de frango cozidos
1 cebola
2 tomates
1 xícara (chá) de salsinha
4 colheres de óleo
Temperos a gosto
Ovos e farinha de rosca para empanar
Óleo para fritar

MODO DE FAZER

Recheio

Em uma panela aqueça o óleo ou o azeite e refogue a cebola. Junte os tomates, os peitos de frango cozidos e desfiados (reserve água do cozimento), temperos a gosto e sal. Cozinhe por alguns minutos. Adicione salsinha, mexa e reserve.

Massa:

Em uma panela coloque o caldo do cozimento do frango reservado e deixe ferver. Junte a margarina, queijo ralado, sal e farinha de trigo. Cozinhe até desgrudar da panela (cerca de 4 minutos). A seguir, espalhe a massa com auxílio de uma espátula, sobre a superfície lisa untada com um pouco de óleo. Acrescente a mandioquinha ou batata baroa cozida e espremida. Sove para se agregar. Pegue porções da massa obtida e abra na palma da mão. Empregue o recheio. Modele a coxinha. Passe pelo ovo e farinha. Frite em óleo quente. Escorra.

tv culinária

Russia and U.S. Report Breakthrough on Arms Pact

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By PETER BAKER and ELLEN BARRY
Published: March 24, 2010
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WASHINGTON — President Obama and his Russian counterpart, President Dmitri A. Medvedev, have broken through a logjam in their arms control negotiations and expect to sign a new treaty in Prague next month that would slash American and Russian nuclear arsenals, officials from both nations said Wednesday.

Mr. Obama and Mr. Medvedev still need to talk once more to finalize the agreement, but officials were optimistic that the deal was nearly done.

The two sides have discussed a signing ceremony in Prague in early April, marking the anniversary of the first meeting between the two presidents and of Mr. Obama’s speech outlining his vision for eventually eliminating nuclear weapons.

The new pact would replace the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty of 1991, which expired in December, and would require both sides to reduce their warheads and launchers by more than one-quarter. The agreement is the most significant accomplishment so far for Mr. Obama’s policy of trying to “reset” relations with Russia. It is intended to pave the way for another more far-reaching round of reductions later in his term.

Neither the White House nor the Kremlin would formally comment on Wednesday, but officials on both sides confirmed that an agreement was close to done. A Kremlin official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said there was basic agreement on the text of the pact, although not all the wording had been finalized. He confirmed that Prague would be the likely location of a signing ceremony, although that too needed to be finalized.

Mr. Obama met at the White House on Wednesday morning with Senators John F. Kerry of Massachusetts and Richard G. Lugar of Indiana, the senior Democrat and Republican on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, to brief them on the status of the treaty. To go into effect, a signed treaty would have to be ratified both by the United States Senate and by the Russian parliament.

The breakthrough ended nearly a year of difficult and tumultuous negotiations that went on far longer than the two sides initially expected. Mr. Obama and Mr. Medvedev first agreed to negotiate a treaty during a meeting in London last April, and then set parameters for the agreement during a meeting in Moscow in July. But the December deadline for finishing it came and went without a deal.

The two sides quarreled over issues like verifying compliance, sharing telemetry and limiting missile defense programs. Mr. Obama scrapped former President George W. Bush’s original plans for an antimissile shield in Europe and offered a new plan, but Moscow objected to the new version as well and wanted the treaty to restrict the American program. Mr. Obama refused, and the Russians eventually had to settle for nonbinding language recognizing the relationship between offensive and defensive weapons.

The treaty would require each side to reduce deployed strategic nuclear warheads to roughly 1,600, down from 2,200 now, officials have said. It would also oblige each side to reduce its arsenal of strategic bombers and land- and sea-based missiles to 800, half the old limit of 1,600.

Arms control advocates consider those reductions to be relatively modest. But Mr. Obama wanted to negotiate a relatively straightforward replacement for the Start treaty as a way to rebuild trust with Moscow, leading to more ambitious agreements down the road.

Once this first treaty is done, the administration wants to open talks on further reductions in deployed strategic nuclear warheads, perhaps down to 1,000 each, as well as elimination of at least some of the thousands of strategic warheads currently in storage, and the thousands more tactical nuclear bombs that each side has.

If the two sides do finalize the treaty and sign it in Prague in early April, it would boost the momentum for the broader nuclear nonproliferation summit that Mr. Obama is scheduled to convene in Washington on April 12 and 13. The United States and Russia could go to that summit, and a later meeting on the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, with tangible progress to show in meeting their disarmament goals.

A new arms control treaty would also be politically valuable for the White House, joining the new health-care legislation Mr. Obama signed on Tuesday in demonstrating progress on both foreign and domestic issues after months of frustration over unmet goals. Mr. Obama and Mr. Medvedev managed to finally cut through their final disagreements during a telephone call on March 13, even as the American president was pressing House Democrats to pass his health care plan.

Peter Baker reported from Washington and Ellen Barry from Moscow.

http://www.nytimes.com

Bolinha de queijo

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INGREDIENTES

3 xícaras (chá) de farinha de trigo
4 xícaras (chá) de leite
1/2 xícara (chá) de queijo ralado
3 colheres (sopa) de margarina
1 tablete de caldo de legumes ou de galinha
400 gramas de mussarela em cubos
Ovo e farinha de rosca para empanar
Óleo para fritar


MODO DE FAZER

Em uma panela coloque o leite, o caldo de legumes e a margarina.
Aqueça até derreter a margarina.
Continue cozinhando até ferver. Junte a farinha e o queijo ralado misturados previamente. Mexa.
Cozinhe até desgrudar da panela. A seguir, sove sobre a superfície lisa e untada com óleo.
Abra as porções da massa na palma da mão.
Recheie com um pedaço de mussarela. Enrole uma bolinha. Passe pelo ovo e a farinha de rosca.

Frite em óleo quente. Escorra sobre papel absorvente.

tv culinária

How to keep your garden as pest-free as possible

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How to keep your garden as pest-free as possible
How to plan for preventing moles and other garden pests from taking over your plants.

By Bunny Guinness
Published: 3:27PM GMT 24 Mar 2010
Marigold Durango mix

Moles

Since strychnine was banned, their numbers have exploded and the hundreds of professional mole-catchers in business indicates their elusiveness.

I quizzed my local mole catcher, Andrew, for tips. He uses Talpex traps (a type of claw trap, £8; ppcsupplies.cop.uk, 01386 552545) but says you must insert it in the run, between two hills, and then exclude all light from the trap (perhaps put a board on top).

He uses ”soiled-up” latex gloves so they cannot smell him. A new SuperCat trap from Swissinno solutions is coming out next year and I await it with bated breath.

Pest control is about always being one step ahead, being vigilant – that is, watching out for the first signs and then zooming in with a cover, biological control or chemical, depending on your approach.

Look under leaves, turn up stones; it’s the horticultural version of lace curtain- twitching and accordingly needs to be done frequently!

The “Silent Spring” approach to pest control, has gone out of vogue, but if you suddenly get an attack of cabbage white caterpillars and haven’t got the time to squish them, a quick spray of pesticide can save the day.

March

Slugs and snails are the big beasts this month. Although I use the ferric phosphate granules (approved for organic use) with great success, my colleague Pippa Greenwood, the guru of organic pest control, prefers other methods.

She points out that for underground crops, notably potatoes, you need additional strategies and her favourite is biological control (such as Nemaslug; available from nemasysinfo.co.uk).

However, the soil needs to be warm for this to work, so you may need extra backup for March. For this, Pippa uses crushed oyster shells (you can also mix them with your chicken feed to strengthen their shells).

She gets them from her local country store, but many pet shops will stock them. Copper rings, pictured above, or a painted-on copper coating in the form of Copperbed (copperbed.co.uk) works, too.

My main contention, though, is that at the end of the season, the crop leaves flop over beyond the treated container or ring and so slugs and snails glide in on the foliage.

Aphids are on the march too. They fly in and feed on any soft new growth, whether the young leaves of fruit trees or succulent, early lettuce.

On Gardeners’ Question Time we are always being asked in midsummer what caused the puckering up of leaves, as by then the culprit has gone. Watch out for them now.

Pippa and I use soft soap or plant oils for this (unless its feasible to squish them smartly between thumb and forefinger).

Pre-prepared ones are readily available, or you can make your own. The old boys used to use dilute Fairy Liquid successfully, but you must dilute it correctly or it kills more than you want to!

Because the legislation is changing rapidly, new organic products are popping up everywhere.

Many commercial growers are enamoured with SB Plant Invigorator, an environmentally friendly pesticide, fungicide and growth stimulant in one (see sbproducts.co.uk).

Spray it weekly, and the main range of mini-pests – including red spider but excluding the cabbage white butterfly – are successfully sorted.

This month, I will sow French marigolds in my greenhouse. This is one of the companion plants that works for me.

It sorts out the whitefly on my tomatoes (as long as I keep deadheading to keep the plants in flower) better than anything else.

I will also sow a few colourful drills of the wild-looking Pictorial Meadows annual mixes (pictorialmeadows.co.uk) among my veg.

They look good, but also bring in extra portions of hoverflies, lacewings, ground beetles and the like to prey on pests. The scent and colour will confuse and deflect them hopefully too.

April

April is the month of carrot root fly. In the early Eighties, Dr T H Coaker at Cambridge University researched which companion planting strategies worked.

He found many old wives’ tales useless, but planting four rows of onions either side of your carrot row did help as long as the onions were swelling and growing.

If cow parsley, another host, was around, the number of flies could swell rapidly.

There are many methods of control, including the Nemasys Grow Your Own, which contains a blend of nematodes to combat about 11 pests, including carrot root fly. I find raised beds the best bet.

The fly keeps close to the ground so any container 450mm (or so) high is off their radar. Carrot fly is frequently the cause of parsley becoming sickly too.

Vine weevil, which attacks strawberries as well as many ornamentals, is on the attack now.

Pippa Greenwood swears by the biological control Nemasys Vine Weevil Killer, provided plants are in pots or growing in light soil.

But in heavy soils, it is not an option. Here, rolling up corrugated cardboard into a mini tube entices the adults to crawl in.

In early evening, collect and destroy the adults harbouring within. They are sneaky, though, and can pretend to be dead when they are alive, but not kicking.

May

With tomatoes, aubergines and cucumbers filling the greenhouse, the pest levels of glasshouse red spider and whitefly can start to rise to epic levels.

Bifenthrin was a great chemical tool for red spider, but is being withdrawn at the end of May (gardeners can use it this summer if they buy supplies now).

The spider is tiny and it sneaks in and builds up before you notice the mottling and yellowing of leaves (particularly upper ones).

They hate moist environments and last year I mist-sprayed with water twice a day and pulled infected leaves off – terrific control until I went away for a few hot days.

This year I will use SB Plant Invigorator (Bayer Organic Bug Free, a fatty acid spray, is an alternative). The biological control, Phytoseiulus persimilis, is an option too.

Having worked commercially with this and the whitefly control, the mini wasp Encarsia formosa, about 30 years ago, I know they are effective, but they are not easy to keep at optimum required numbers. Maybe I have too little patience.

Brassicas are the perfect plant for pests. The cabbage white butterfly was my number one enemy last year.

There are biological controls (Just Caterpillar Killer; just-green.com) but you need to directly spray the caterpillars.

The best method to sort them out, together with pigeons and cabbage root fly, is to net them with Environmesh (agralan.co.uk).

If this is unpractical, or you miss the boat and squashing them does not appeal, Bayer’s Sprayday is a contact pesticide that lasts up to four weeks.

It is used by professionals and you can eat the crop after seven days.

Buy pest control products at Telegraph Garden Shop

Desert Wandering But It Comes Out Alright

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I thought you said, ‘Take a right.’

I said, ‘Why did we pack a box kite?’

Well we can’t wander out here for 40 days and 40 nights.

Odd how you can see that star in the daylight.

Beats me where we rendezvous tonight.

O! Holy! Night!

We have less than a fortnight.

We can’t show up as Two Kings minus one.

Your camel have a GPS read on the site?

Did the Third King text position from his line of sight?

Quit scratching at that flea bite.

Wait, with faith, we will see leading light.

Perhaps bed down here overnight?

Perhaps. Let’s sing and/or send these camels to bed.

That was so lame. Hey! Star light, star bright.

Truly, look a ray of light. What a most magnificent sight.

Thus we arrive with myrrh to complete this rite.

Holy Night. Silent Night.

All is calm. All is bright.

© Sharilyn Calliou, 15 December 2009 All Rights Reserved

From Blue Dog Studio

Graphic From uber tinypics

Download Grátis – Livro – Os Segredos de uma Noite (Débora Mariano & Marcelo Santos)

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Descrição:

Alguém, certa vez, falou que em cidade pequena não existem segredos. Esse alguém, certamente, jamais passou por Monte Seco… Eu passei.” .
Melanie passaria despercebida caminhando pela rua. Garota simples e sem grandes pretensões, que de uma hora pra outra, percebe-se cercada por segredos que ocultam uma disputa milenar – protagonizada por nada menos que vampiros e homens lobos. O que essa garota faz perdida no meio desta extraordinária batalha? Somente Os Segredos de Uma Noite podem
revelar…

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Download Grátis – Livro – O Elo de Alexandria (Steve Berry)

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Descrição:

Uma Biblioteca desaparecida há 1.500 anos guarda segredos que podem mudar a História. Muitos estão dispostos a matar para impedir que a verdade seja revelada. E apenas um homem pode detê-los. A calma livraria em Copenhague é o refúgio escolhido pelo ex-agente Cotton Malone, depois de uma vida de perigos. Mas sombras do passado retornam quando seu filho é seqüestrado e a loja é incendiada. Malone é o único que conhece o paradeiro do “elo de Alexandria” – a peça-chave para localizar a lendária Biblioteca de Alexandria, a mais ambiciosa e importante coleção de antigos documentos reunida, e que esconde um desconcertante segredo. Agora, uma seqüência de mentiras e mortes se inicia em torno dele, e Cotton tem de achar uma forma de libertar o filho sem revelar a informação que guiará os criminosos à biblioteca e às verdades nela escondidas por mais de um milênio e que podem trazer consequências – tanto para Malone quanto para o futuro da humanidade.

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Jay Sean and Taio Cruz wowing America

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Jay Sean and Taio Cruz wowing America
Another UK singer tops the US charts. Could this be the start of a new British invasion?

By Neil McCormick
Published: 5:01PM GMT 24 Mar 2010
Jay Sean and Taio Cruz

Last week, the US number-one single spot was held by a British artist, Taio Cruz, with his self-penned belter Break Your Heart. This is a surprisingly rare achievement. The UK enjoys a creative reputation as one of the twin engines of pop culture and is the second-biggest music exporter in the world – but you’d never guess it from the American charts.

The continued appetite for our Sixties and Seventies veterans (the Beatles were one of our biggest sellers last year), the profile of rock bands such as Coldplay and Radiohead, and the Simon Cowell poster-girls Leona Lewis and Susan Boyle help us hang on to about 10 per cent of the US albums market. But the days of the British Invasion, when our stars sang the hits that fuelled American teen dreams have long since passed.

A big part of the problem is that the US singles market has become increasingly dominated by the homegrown sounds of hip hop and R&B music – not traditionally areas in which British artists flourish.

Which makes the success of Taio Cruz even more remarkable. He is a young black man whose music is generally categorised as urban (though not by him). And he is not alone. Last year, British-Asian artist Jay Sean hit number one with a three-million-selling smash Down, in the process becoming the first British male to have a US chart-topper since Elton John with Candle in the Wind in 1997. That’s how rare it is. But, if one hit might be considered a lucky freak, could two signify a trend?

There are strong similarities between the music of Cruz and Sean. Their songs are sonically dense, melodically insistent, with heavily processed synthetic sounds and romantic lyrics. Strip away the urban stylings and their records fizz with the brash energy of Euro-pop, crammed with techno club sounds, singalong melodies and simple, emotional sentiments.

“I don’t think of it as urban music at all,” says Cruz. “I just think it’s good, catchy pop. What’s really happened is the musical trends are changing, and US artists are starting to make Euro-sounding records, which has the effect of making European electro-influenced music sound more urban.”

Jay Sean, interestingly, feels the same way. “It’s our UK pop spin on what we think urban music is. We have an urban vocal style, but we’ve got the great top-line pop melody that everybody can sing along to. Music is changing very quickly in the US. Hip hop is turning into a kind of pop-dance-electro thing, and that should suit British artists.”

Indeed, there has been an obvious fascination with the UK by leading US hip hop icons in recent years. Jay Z has become a frequent visitor here, befriending Coldplay, sampling UK hip hop adventurer MIA and conquering Glastonbury. Kanye West has collaborated with UK artists Estelle and Mr Hudson (who also cropped up on a recent Jay Z single), and P Diddy has struck up a friendship with Arctic Monkeys. If the golden era of Sixties beat music was born of transatlantic cross-fertilisation, there is just a hint that this mutual admiration society might be renewed.

“Hip hop is a sampling culture, and its always looking for the new sounds,” says Cruz. “People like Kanye started sampling [French techno mavericks] Daft Punk, and rappers started using Autotune on their vocals to make it sound more electronic. Pop has followed that trend, so it’s moved a bit closer to the kind of electro-pop sound of the UK. It’s becoming a universal pop sound, and we do it as well as anyone.”

There is something else quite obviously distinctive about both Sean and Cruz: they are both privately educated and speak very clearly and eloquently. “I have been told my accent is easier to understand than a typical London or cockney accent, which is so prevalent in British urban music, and I imagine that helps,” says Cruz, who boarded at Christ’s Hospital in Sussex.

“One thing they really appreciate in the US is if you’re just a nice person,” says Sean, who was a student at Latymer Upper School and went on to study medicine for two years before his music career took off. “If you’re easy to talk to and quite personable that should go a long way anywhere, but maybe its rarer than it should be.”

The implication is that the macho posturing of much UK urban music has been a hindrance in international terms. Indeed, while America has managed to export its gangsta culture to pop markets around the world, home-grown versions tend to be too parochial to travel.

“It’s where a lot of British urban artists go wrong in America,” says Cruz. “They talk about subjects Americans don’t get and places no one in America cares about, in accents they don’t understand. I think for music to cross over it needs to be universal, and there’s nothing more universal than love.”

It will take more than a couple of number ones to proclaim a new British Invasion, but both our chart-topping stars are optimistic about the special relationship. “Doors were opened for me by the success of Jay, and others before him like Craig David and Estelle, and I’m opening doors a little wider,” says Cruz.

“I see the wave coming now,” says Sean. “Taio is coming through, [boyband] JLS are coming through, Cheryl Cole looks as if she might come through. There are increasing references for successful British urban acts in America, so now they look and say. ‘Let’s see what else you guys have over there.’ The gates are open.”

http://www.telegraph.co.uk